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Julien Dupre: A Survey
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Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
The Shepherdess
Oil on canvas
18 1/4 x 15 inches
Signed
Provenance
Collection, U.K.
Rehs Galleries, Inc., New York City
Private collection, U.S.




EXHIBITION IMAGES
A Bord de la MareJulien DupréA Bord de la Mare Deux amoureuxJulien DupréDeux amoureux FaneuseJulien DupréFaneuse
Femme a la BrouetteJulien DupréFemme a la Brouette Femme et la vache de lJulien DupréFemme et la vache de l'eau Haying TimeJulien DupréHaying Time
La faneuseJulien DupréLa faneuse La FenaisonJulien DupréLa Fenaison La jeune laitiere avec son troupeauJulien DupréLa jeune laitiere avec son troupeau
Repas des MoissonneusJulien DupréRepas des Moissonneus Un coin de ferme avec poulesJulien DupréUn coin de ferme avec poules The ReapersJulien DupréThe Reapers
Femme Versant à BoireJulien DupréFemme Versant à Boire La MoissonJulien DupréLa Moisson La FaneuseJulien DupréLa Faneuse
Le ReposJulien DupréLe Repos Les FoinsJulien DupréLes Foins A Moments RestJulien DupréA Moments Rest
Le Dejeuner de FaneusesJulien DupréLe Dejeuner de Faneuses Milkmaids in the FieldJulien DupréMilkmaids in the Field La FermiereJulien DupréLa Fermiere
The Young MilkmaidJulien DupréThe Young Milkmaid HayingJulien DupréHaying Le Temps de MoissonJulien DupréLe Temps de Moisson
Le Repos dans les ChampsJulien DupréLe Repos dans les Champs Les Vaches a lJulien DupréLes Vaches a l'Abreuvoir Femme et vaches par lJulien DupréFemme et vaches par l'eau
La rentree au villageJulien DupréLa rentree au village Study for Returning from the FieldsJulien DupréStudy for Returning from the Fields Returning from the FieldsJulien DupréReturning from the Fields
Milkmaid with CowsJulien DupréMilkmaid with Cows La FenaisonJulien DupréLa Fenaison Tending the HerdJulien DupréTending the Herd
Femme Portant à MangerJulien DupréFemme Portant à Manger The WheatfieldJulien DupréThe Wheatfield Harvesters Loading the CartJulien DupréHarvesters Loading the Cart
PâturageJulien DupréPâturage At the WellJulien DupréAt the Well Peasant Woman with Cows and SheepJulien DupréPeasant Woman with Cows and Sheep
Femme au soleil - faneuseJulien DupréFemme au soleil - faneuse LaitiereJulien DupréLaitiere Laitiere Gardant ses VachesJulien DupréLaitiere Gardant ses Vaches
The HarvestJulien DupréThe Harvest Milkmaid with CowsJulien DupréMilkmaid with Cows Paysage avec AnimauxJulien DupréPaysage avec Animaux
Peasants in the FieldJulien DupréPeasants in the Field Un Berger et son TroupeauJulien DupréUn Berger et son Troupeau Le repas des moissonneursJulien DupréLe repas des moissonneurs
Retour a la FermeJulien DupréRetour a la Ferme End of the DayJulien DupréEnd of the Day GlaneusesJulien DupréGlaneuses
Harvest TimeJulien DupréHarvest Time La BergereJulien DupréLa Bergere La bergereJulien DupréLa bergere
Une FaneuseJulien DupréUne Faneuse Bergère et MoutonsJulien DupréBergère et Moutons Une PrairieJulien DupréUne Prairie
FaneuseJulien DupréFaneuse Milkmaid in NormandyJulien DupréMilkmaid in Normandy The ShepherdessJulien DupréThe Shepherdess
Une gardeuse dJulien DupréUne gardeuse d'oie Tending the HerdJulien DupréTending the Herd Milking TimeJulien DupréMilking Time
HarvestersJulien DupréHarvesters Peasant Woman with CowsJulien DupréPeasant Woman with Cows La PrairieJulien DupréLa Prairie
 

 

Working during the last half of the 19th century, Julien Dupré was an artist, considered by most, to be one of the leading exponents of the second generation of Realist painters; a group that also includes Leon Lhermitte, Jules Bastien-Lepage and Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret. Like J.F. Millet and J. Breton, before them, these artists devoted their artistic careers to the depiction of the toils of the French peasant - often seen hard at work in the fields. As Hollister Sturges states in Jules Breton and the French Rural Tradition (1982, Joslyn Art Museum):

Salon critics rightly perceived Julien Dupré as Breton's closest follower. Through idealization of form, he invested his peasant women with a heroic aura, though unlike his predecessor, his figures are usually engaged in vigorous action. His landscapes, with their cloudy skies and varied motifs, are also much more active. Their high key color and spontaneous brushwork have a vivacity and freshness that distinguishes them from the somber calm of Breton's scenes.

Dupré's most enduring and powerful image is that of a single, Herculean, female, positioned dramatically and elegantly in the foreground of the painting, pitching hay. His finely modeled figures pay tribute to his academic training, as well as his study of the works of Breton and Bouguereau; while his freer handling of the background areas, at times done with a palette knife, shows the influence of the Impressionists.

Dupré received his artistic training in the academic studios of Isidore Pils, Desire-Francois Laugée and Henri Lehmann. He exhibited his first painting at the Paris Salon in 1876 and thereafter, became a regular exhibitor until his death in 1910. In 1880 he was awarded a third-class medal for Faucheurs de Luzerne and in 1881 he received a second-class medal for his La Recolte des Foins. He was honored with a gold medal at the Paris Fair of 1889 and in 1892 was awarded the Legion of Honor. His work was sought after internationally and he found a good market in the United States. In 1891 Marion H. Speilman, in his article entitled "The White Cow" (The Magazine of Art, 1891, Vol. 14, p. 415), describes Dupré as:

... one of the most rising artists of the French School. He is individual in his work, accurate as an observer, earnest as a painter, healthy in his instincts and intensely artistic in his impressions and translations of them... he is always one of the attractions at the Salon.

Acknowledging his mastery at portraying both animals and humans powerfully, yet gracefully, one cannot help but pay tribute to his immense talent in being able to recreate nature's light on canvas - a feat that many have attempted but few have succeeded in accomplishing. Whether it is the light filtering through a group of trees onto the figures and animals below or the warm effulgent sun bathing the lush French countryside, Dupré is always true to nature.

Speilman goes on to remark that: In The White Cow which was amongst the finest works in last year's Salon, several of M. Dupré's merits as a painter are exemplified. The cow - taking a patient and intelligent interest in the operation of milking - is superbly drawn, and her expression admirably rendered. The light and shade, the balance of composition, and the rendering and disposition of the figures combine in this picture to produce a canvas which pleases the spectator the more he examines it.

Works in public collections (partial listing):
Haying Scene (1884) - St. Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO.
The Haymakers (1886) - Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA.
Return From the Fields (n.d.) - Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, NE.
In Pasture (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.
Haying Scene (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.
Young Woman Watering Cattle - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Haymaking (1892) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Children Feeding Geese (1881) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Peasant Girl with Sheep - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.
Milking Time - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.
Women in the Fields - Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, ME.
The Young Shepherdess - San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA.
In the Pasture (1883) - University of Kentucky Art Museum, Lexington, KY.
Le Ballon (1886) - Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery, Reading, PA.
The Harvesters (1885) - The Appleton Museum of Art, Ocala, FL.
The Harvester (c.1880/1) - Huntington Museum of Art, Huntington, W.V.

This essay is copyrighted by Rehs Galleries, Inc. and may not be reproduced or transmitted without written permission from Rehs Galleries, Inc.