Julien Dupre: A Survey
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(1851 - 1910)
Femme et la vache de l'eau
Oil on canvas
32 1/4 x 25 3/4 inches
Signed and dated 1884
American Art Association, March 23, 1938, lot 34, $90.00, titled Watering Cattle
Private collection, Florida
Rehs Galleries, Inc., New York City
Julien Dupré's Femme et la vache de l'eau is a strong example of Dupré's work from the 1880s, featuring a woman and her cow by a lake in the countryside.
It is painted in a naturalistic style with an emphasis on capturing the details of the landscape and the texture of the woman's dress and the cows' coats. The composition is balanced and harmonious, with the woman and the cows positioned in the foreground and the haystacks in the distance creating depth and perspective.
Dupré's paintings often depict the hard work of rural life, but Femme et la vache de l'eau has a more peaceful and pastoral quality. The woman and the cows are not engaged in any strenuous activity but seem to be enjoying a quiet moment by the water. The active sky adds a sense of drama and movement to the scene, but the overall mood is one of tranquility and contentment.
Femme et la vache de l'eau is a charming and skillful painting that captures a moment of rural life in 19th-century France. It is a testament to Dupré's ability to imbue his paintings with warmth and humanity, despite the hardships of his subjects' lives.
Note: This may be the work referenced in Dupre's account book as number 65: femme et vache dans un clos; which was sold to Marchand in 1884 for ff1200 and then resold to LeRoy for ff1600
|Julien DupréA Bord de la Mare
||Julien DupréDeux amoureux
||Julien DupréDeux vaches et une femme sous un saule
||Julien DupréFemme a la Brouette
||Julien DupréFemme et la vache de l'eau
|Julien DupréGlaneuse au soleil
||Julien DupréHaying Time
||Julien DupréLa faneuse
|Julien DupréLa Fenaison
||Julien DupréLa jeune laitiere avec son troupeau
||Julien DupréMilking Time
|Julien DupréRepas des Moissonneus
||Julien DupréUn coin de ferme avec poules
||Julien DupréThe Reapers
|Julien DupréFemme Versant à Boire
||Julien DupréLa Moisson
||Julien DupréLa Faneuse
|Julien DupréLe Repos
||Julien DupréLes Foins
||Julien DupréA Moments Rest
|Julien DupréLe Dejeuner de Faneuses
||Julien DupréMilkmaids in the Field
||Julien DupréLa Fermiere
|Julien DupréThe Young Milkmaid
||Julien DupréLe Temps de Moisson
|Julien DupréLe Repos dans les Champs
||Julien DupréLes Vaches a l'Abreuvoir
||Julien DupréFemme et vaches par l'eau
|Julien DupréLa rentree au village
||Julien DupréStudy for Returning from the Fields
||Julien DupréReturning from the Fields
|Julien DupréMilkmaid with Cows
||Julien DupréLa Fenaison
||Julien DupréTending the Herd
|Julien DupréFemme Portant à Manger
||Julien DupréThe Wheatfield
||Julien DupréHarvesters Loading the Cart
||Julien DupréAt the Well
||Julien DupréPeasant Woman with Cows and Sheep
|Julien DupréFemme au soleil - faneuse
||Julien DupréLaitiere Gardant ses Vaches
|Julien DupréThe Harvest
||Julien DupréMilkmaid with Cows
||Julien DupréPaysage avec Animaux
|Julien DupréPeasants in the Field
||Julien DupréUn Berger et son Troupeau
||Julien DupréLe repas des moissonneurs
|Julien DupréRetour a la Ferme
||Julien DupréEnd of the Day
|Julien DupréHarvest Time
||Julien DupréLa Bergere
||Julien DupréLa bergere
|Julien DupréUne Faneuse
||Julien DupréBergère et Moutons
||Julien DupréUne Prairie
||Julien DupréMilkmaid in Normandy
||Julien DupréThe Shepherdess
|Julien DupréUne gardeuse d'oie
||Julien DupréTending the Herd
||Julien DupréMilking Time
||Julien DupréPeasant Woman with Cows
||Julien DupréLa Prairie
Working during the last half of the 19th century, Julien Dupré was an artist, considered by most, to be one of the leading exponents of the second generation of Realist painters; a group that also includes Leon Lhermitte, Jules Bastien-Lepage and Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret. Like J.F. Millet and J. Breton, before them, these artists devoted their artistic careers to the depiction of the toils of the French peasant - often seen hard at work in the fields. As Hollister Sturges states in Jules Breton and the French Rural Tradition (1982, Joslyn Art Museum):
Salon critics rightly perceived Julien Dupré as Breton's closest follower. Through idealization of form, he invested his peasant women with a heroic aura, though unlike his predecessor, his figures are usually engaged in vigorous action. His landscapes, with their cloudy skies and varied motifs, are also much more active. Their high key color and spontaneous brushwork have a vivacity and freshness that distinguishes them from the somber calm of Breton's scenes.
Dupré's most enduring and powerful image is that of a single, Herculean, female, positioned dramatically and elegantly in the foreground of the painting, pitching hay. His finely modeled figures pay tribute to his academic training, as well as his study of the works of Breton and Bouguereau; while his freer handling of the background areas, at times done with a palette knife, shows the influence of the Impressionists.
Dupré received his artistic training in the academic studios of Isidore Pils, Desire-Francois Laugée and Henri Lehmann. He exhibited his first painting at the Paris Salon in 1876 and thereafter, became a regular exhibitor until his death in 1910. In 1880 he was awarded a third-class medal for Faucheurs de Luzerne and in 1881 he received a second-class medal for his La Recolte des Foins. He was honored with a gold medal at the Paris Fair of 1889 and in 1892 was awarded the Legion of Honor. His work was sought after internationally and he found a good market in the United States. In 1891 Marion H. Speilman, in his article entitled "The White Cow" (The Magazine of Art, 1891, Vol. 14, p. 415), describes Dupré as:
... one of the most rising artists of the French School. He is individual in his work, accurate as an observer, earnest as a painter, healthy in his instincts and intensely artistic in his impressions and translations of them... he is always one of the attractions at the Salon.
Acknowledging his mastery at portraying both animals and humans powerfully, yet gracefully, one cannot help but pay tribute to his immense talent in being able to recreate nature's light on canvas - a feat that many have attempted but few have succeeded in accomplishing. Whether it is the light filtering through a group of trees onto the figures and animals below or the warm effulgent sun bathing the lush French countryside, Dupré is always true to nature.
Speilman goes on to remark that: In The White Cow which was amongst the finest works in last year's Salon, several of M. Dupré's merits as a painter are exemplified. The cow - taking a patient and intelligent interest in the operation of milking - is superbly drawn, and her expression admirably rendered. The light and shade, the balance of composition, and the rendering and disposition of the figures combine in this picture to produce a canvas which pleases the spectator the more he examines it.
Works in public collections (partial listing):
Haying Scene (1884) - St. Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO.
The Haymakers (1886) - Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA.
Return From the Fields (n.d.) - Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, NE.
In Pasture (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.
Haying Scene (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.
Young Woman Watering Cattle - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Haymaking (1892) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Children Feeding Geese (1881) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Peasant Girl with Sheep - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.
Milking Time - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.
Women in the Fields - Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, ME.
The Young Shepherdess - San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA.
In the Pasture (1883) - University of Kentucky Art Museum, Lexington, KY.
Le Ballon (1886) - Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery, Reading, PA.
The Harvesters (1885) - The Appleton Museum of Art, Ocala, FL.
The Harvester (c.1880/1) - Huntington Museum of Art, Huntington, W.V.
This essay is copyrighted by Rehs Galleries, Inc. and may not be reproduced or transmitted without written permission from Rehs Galleries, Inc.