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Julien Dupre: A Survey
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Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
The Wheatfield
Oil on canvas
20 x 29 inches
Signed and dated 1893

Julien DupréA Bord de la Mare Julien DupréDeux amoureux Julien DupréFaneuse
Julien DupréFemme a la Brouette Julien DupréFemme et la vache de l'eau Julien DupréHaying Time
Julien DupréLa faneuse Julien DupréLa Fenaison Julien DupréLa jeune laitiere avec son troupeau
Julien DupréRepas des Moissonneus Julien DupréUn coin de ferme avec poules Julien DupréThe Reapers
Julien DupréFemme Versant à Boire Julien DupréLa Moisson Julien DupréLa Faneuse
Julien DupréLe Repos Julien DupréLes Foins Julien DupréA Moments Rest
Julien DupréLe Dejeuner de Faneuses Julien DupréMilkmaids in the Field Julien DupréLa Fermiere
Julien DupréThe Young Milkmaid Julien DupréHaying Julien DupréLe Temps de Moisson
Julien DupréLe Repos dans les Champs Julien DupréLes Vaches a l'Abreuvoir Julien DupréFemme et vaches par l'eau
Julien DupréLa rentree au village Julien DupréStudy for Returning from the Fields Julien DupréReturning from the Fields
Julien DupréMilkmaid with Cows Julien DupréLa Fenaison Julien DupréTending the Herd
Julien DupréFemme Portant à Manger Julien DupréThe Wheatfield Julien DupréHarvesters Loading the Cart
Julien DupréPâturage Julien DupréAt the Well Julien DupréPeasant Woman with Cows and Sheep
Julien DupréFemme au soleil - faneuse Julien DupréLaitiere Julien DupréLaitiere Gardant ses Vaches
Julien DupréThe Harvest Julien DupréMilkmaid with Cows Julien DupréPaysage avec Animaux
Julien DupréPeasants in the Field Julien DupréUn Berger et son Troupeau Julien DupréLe repas des moissonneurs
Julien DupréRetour a la Ferme Julien DupréEnd of the Day Julien DupréGlaneuses
Julien DupréHarvest Time Julien DupréLa Bergere Julien DupréLa bergere
Julien DupréUne Faneuse Julien DupréBergère et Moutons Julien DupréUne Prairie
Julien DupréFaneuse Julien DupréMilkmaid in Normandy Julien DupréThe Shepherdess
Julien DupréUne gardeuse d'oie Julien DupréTending the Herd Julien DupréMilking Time
Julien DupréHarvesters Julien DupréPeasant Woman with Cows Julien DupréLa Prairie


Working during the last half of the 19th century, Julien Dupré was an artist, considered by most, to be one of the leading exponents of the second generation of Realist painters; a group that also includes Leon Lhermitte, Jules Bastien-Lepage and Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret. Like J.F. Millet and J. Breton, before them, these artists devoted their artistic careers to the depiction of the toils of the French peasant - often seen hard at work in the fields. As Hollister Sturges states in Jules Breton and the French Rural Tradition (1982, Joslyn Art Museum):

Salon critics rightly perceived Julien Dupré as Breton's closest follower. Through idealization of form, he invested his peasant women with a heroic aura, though unlike his predecessor, his figures are usually engaged in vigorous action. His landscapes, with their cloudy skies and varied motifs, are also much more active. Their high key color and spontaneous brushwork have a vivacity and freshness that distinguishes them from the somber calm of Breton's scenes.

Dupré's most enduring and powerful image is that of a single, Herculean, female, positioned dramatically and elegantly in the foreground of the painting, pitching hay. His finely modeled figures pay tribute to his academic training, as well as his study of the works of Breton and Bouguereau; while his freer handling of the background areas, at times done with a palette knife, shows the influence of the Impressionists.

Dupré received his artistic training in the academic studios of Isidore Pils, Desire-Francois Laugée and Henri Lehmann. He exhibited his first painting at the Paris Salon in 1876 and thereafter, became a regular exhibitor until his death in 1910. In 1880 he was awarded a third-class medal for Faucheurs de Luzerne and in 1881 he received a second-class medal for his La Recolte des Foins. He was honored with a gold medal at the Paris Fair of 1889 and in 1892 was awarded the Legion of Honor. His work was sought after internationally and he found a good market in the United States. In 1891 Marion H. Speilman, in his article entitled "The White Cow" (The Magazine of Art, 1891, Vol. 14, p. 415), describes Dupré as:

... one of the most rising artists of the French School. He is individual in his work, accurate as an observer, earnest as a painter, healthy in his instincts and intensely artistic in his impressions and translations of them... he is always one of the attractions at the Salon.

Acknowledging his mastery at portraying both animals and humans powerfully, yet gracefully, one cannot help but pay tribute to his immense talent in being able to recreate nature's light on canvas - a feat that many have attempted but few have succeeded in accomplishing. Whether it is the light filtering through a group of trees onto the figures and animals below or the warm effulgent sun bathing the lush French countryside, Dupré is always true to nature.

Speilman goes on to remark that: In The White Cow which was amongst the finest works in last year's Salon, several of M. Dupré's merits as a painter are exemplified. The cow - taking a patient and intelligent interest in the operation of milking - is superbly drawn, and her expression admirably rendered. The light and shade, the balance of composition, and the rendering and disposition of the figures combine in this picture to produce a canvas which pleases the spectator the more he examines it.

Works in public collections (partial listing):
Haying Scene (1884) - St. Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO.
The Haymakers (1886) - Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA.
Return From the Fields (n.d.) - Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, NE.
In Pasture (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.
Haying Scene (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.
Young Woman Watering Cattle - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Haymaking (1892) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Children Feeding Geese (1881) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Peasant Girl with Sheep - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.
Milking Time - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.
Women in the Fields - Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, ME.
The Young Shepherdess - San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA.
In the Pasture (1883) - University of Kentucky Art Museum, Lexington, KY.
Le Ballon (1886) - Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery, Reading, PA.
The Harvesters (1885) - The Appleton Museum of Art, Ocala, FL.
The Harvester (c.1880/1) - Huntington Museum of Art, Huntington, W.V.

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