Julien Dupre: A Survey

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Julien Dupré "La Fermiere"



 

Working during the last half of the 19th century, Julien Dupré was an artist, considered by most, to be one of the leading exponents of the second generation of Realist painters; a group that also includes Leon Lhermitte, Jules Bastien-Lepage and Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret. Like J.F. Millet and J. Breton, before them, these artists devoted their artistic careers to the depiction of the toils of the French peasant - often seen hard at work in the fields. As Hollister Sturges states in Jules Breton and the French Rural Tradition (1982, Joslyn Art Museum):

Salon critics rightly perceived Julien Dupré as Breton's closest follower. Through idealization of form, he invested his peasant women with a heroic aura, though unlike his predecessor, his figures are usually engaged in vigorous action. His landscapes, with their cloudy skies and varied motifs, are also much more active. Their high key color and spontaneous brushwork have a vivacity and freshness that distinguishes them from the somber calm of Breton's scenes.

Dupré's most enduring and powerful image is that of a single, Herculean, female, positioned dramatically and elegantly in the foreground of the painting, pitching hay. His finely modeled figures pay tribute to his academic training, as well as his study of the works of Breton and Bouguereau; while his freer handling of the background areas, at times done with a palette knife, shows the influence of the Impressionists.

Dupré received his artistic training in the academic studios of Isidore Pils, Desire-Francois Laugée and Henri Lehmann. He exhibited his first painting at the Paris Salon in 1876 and thereafter, became a regular exhibitor until his death in 1910. In 1880 he was awarded a third-class medal for Faucheurs de Luzerne and in 1881 he received a second-class medal for his La Recolte des Foins. He was honored with a gold medal at the Paris Fair of 1889 and in 1892 was awarded the Legion of Honor. His work was sought after internationally and he found a good market in the United States. In 1891 Marion H. Speilman, in his article entitled "The White Cow" (The Magazine of Art, 1891, Vol. 14, p. 415), describes Dupré as:

... one of the most rising artists of the French School. He is individual in his work, accurate as an observer, earnest as a painter, healthy in his instincts and intensely artistic in his impressions and translations of them... he is always one of the attractions at the Salon.

Acknowledging his mastery at portraying both animals and humans powerfully, yet gracefully, one cannot help but pay tribute to his immense talent in being able to recreate nature's light on canvas - a feat that many have attempted but few have succeeded in accomplishing. Whether it is the light filtering through a group of trees onto the figures and animals below or the warm effulgent sun bathing the lush French countryside, Dupré is always true to nature.

Speilman goes on to remark that: In The White Cow which was amongst the finest works in last year's Salon, several of M. Dupré's merits as a painter are exemplified. The cow - taking a patient and intelligent interest in the operation of milking - is superbly drawn, and her expression admirably rendered. The light and shade, the balance of composition, and the rendering and disposition of the figures combine in this picture to produce a canvas which pleases the spectator the more he examines it.

Works in public collections (partial listing):
Haying Scene (1884) - St. Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO.
The Haymakers (1886) - Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA.
Return From the Fields (n.d.) - Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, NE.
In Pasture (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.
Haying Scene (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.
Young Woman Watering Cattle - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Haymaking (1892) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Children Feeding Geese (1881) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Peasant Girl with Sheep - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.
Milking Time - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.
Women in the Fields - Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, ME.
The Young Shepherdess - San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA.
In the Pasture (1883) - University of Kentucky Art Museum, Lexington, KY.
Le Ballon (1886) - Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery, Reading, PA.
The Harvesters (1885) - The Appleton Museum of Art, Ocala, FL.
The Harvester (c.1880/1) - Huntington Museum of Art, Huntington, W.V.

This essay is copyrighted by Rehs Galleries, Inc. and may not be reproduced or transmitted without written permission from Rehs Galleries, Inc.

 




A Bord de la Mare - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
A Bord de la Mare
25 3/4 x 32 inches
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Deux amoureux - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Deux amoureux
18 1/4 x 15 inches
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Deux vaches et une femme sous un saule - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Deux vaches et une femme sous un saule
18 5/8 x 28 1/2 inches
Signed

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Faneuse - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Faneuse
13 3/4 x 9 1/2 inches
Signed and dated 1886

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Femme a la Brouette - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Femme a la Brouette
15 x 17 3/4 inches
Signed

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Femme avec des poules - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Femme avec des poules
32 x 26 inches
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Femme et la vache de l\'eau - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Femme et la vache de l'eau
32 1/4 x 25 3/4 inches
Signed and dated 1884

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Glaneuse au soleil - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Glaneuse au soleil
18.25 x 15 inches
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Haying Time - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Haying Time
13 1/4 x 16 1/4 inches
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La bergère - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La bergère
25.75 x 21.25 inches
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La faneuse - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La faneuse
15 x 18 inches
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La Fenaison - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Fenaison
18 x 24 inches
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La jeune laitiere avec son troupeau - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La jeune laitiere avec son troupeau
14 3/4 x 21 3/4 inches
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Milking Time - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Milking Time
25 3/4 x 32 inches
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Paysanne tricottant ombre de soleil sous bois - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Paysanne tricottant ombre de soleil sous bois
17.75 x 14.5 inches
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Repas des Moissonneus - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Repas des Moissonneus
21 1/2 x 25 3/4 inches
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The Milkmaid - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
The Milkmaid
25.75 x 21.5 inches
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Un coin de ferme avec poules - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Un coin de ferme avec poules
32 x 25 3/4 inches
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The Reapers - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
The Reapers
15 x 18 inches
Signed and dated 1886

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Femme Versant à Boire - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Femme Versant à Boire
25 ½ x 32 inches
Signed and dated 1882

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La Moisson - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Moisson
25 ½ x 32 inches
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La Faneuse - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Faneuse
26 x 32 inches
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Le Repos - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Le Repos
28 x 18 1/2 inches
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Les Foins - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Les Foins
15 x 21 3/4 inches
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A Moments Rest - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
A Moments Rest
15 x 22 inches
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Le Dejeuner de Faneuses - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Le Dejeuner de Faneuses
22 x 26 inches
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Milkmaids in the Field - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Milkmaids in the Field
26 x 32 inches
Signed

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La Fermiere - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Fermiere
24 x 29 inches
Signed

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The Young Milkmaid - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
The Young Milkmaid
15 x 21 3/4 inches
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Haying - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Haying
14 3/4 x 18 1/4 inches
Signed

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Le Temps de Moisson - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Le Temps de Moisson
15 1/4 x 18 1/4 inches
Signed and dated 1889

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Le Repos dans les Champs - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Le Repos dans les Champs
25 1/4 x 32 inches
Signed and dated 1887

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Les Vaches a l\'Abreuvoir - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Les Vaches a l'Abreuvoir
21 1/2 x 28 3/4 inches
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Femme et vaches par l\'eau - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Femme et vaches par l'eau
18 x 24 inches
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La rentree au village - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La rentree au village
48 1/2 x 59 1/2 inches
Signed and dated 1895

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Study for Returning from the Fields - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Study for Returning from the Fields
12 1/2 x 9 1/2 inches
Stamped

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Returning from the Fields - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Returning from the Fields
18 x 13 inches
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Milkmaid with Cows - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Milkmaid with Cows
18 x 22 inches
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La Fenaison - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Fenaison
23 1/2 x 28 1/2 inches
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Tending the Herd - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Tending the Herd
15 x 18 inches
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Femme Portant à Manger - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Femme Portant à Manger
18 x 14 1/2 inches
Signed

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The Wheatfield - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
The Wheatfield
20 x 29 inches
Signed and dated 1893

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Harvesters Loading the Cart - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Harvesters Loading the Cart
18 x 24 inches
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Pâturage - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Pâturage
18 x 21 ¾ inches
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At the Well - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
At the Well
15 x 22 inches
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Peasant Woman with Cows and Sheep - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Peasant Woman with Cows and Sheep
15 x 21 3/4 inches
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Femme au soleil - faneuse - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Femme au soleil - faneuse
20 x 16 inches
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Laitiere - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Laitiere
15 1/4 x 21 3/4 inches
Signed

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Laitiere Gardant ses Vaches - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Laitiere Gardant ses Vaches
17 1/2 x 23 3/4 inches
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The Harvest - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
The Harvest
25 1/2 x 32 inches
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Milkmaid with Cows - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Milkmaid with Cows
15 x 21 3/4 inches
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Paysage avec Animaux - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Paysage avec Animaux
15 x 21 3/4 inches
Signed

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Peasants in the Field - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Peasants in the Field
12 x 16 inches
Signed and dated 1895

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Un Berger et son Troupeau - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Un Berger et son Troupeau
25 3/4 x 32 inches
Signed

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Le repas des moissonneurs - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Le repas des moissonneurs
25 5/8 x 31 7/8 inches
Signed

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Retour a la Ferme - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Retour a la Ferme
18 x 24 inches
Signed

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End of the Day - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
End of the Day
15 x 21 3/4 inches
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Glaneuses - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Glaneuses
36 1/2 x 51 inches
Signed and dated 1880

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Harvest Time - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Harvest Time
26 x 32 inches
Signed

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La Bergere - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Bergere
21 3/4 x 18 3/8 inches
Signed

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La bergere - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La bergere
21 5/8 x 18 1/8 inches
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Une Faneuse - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Une Faneuse
18 1/4 x 15 inches
Signed

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Bergère et Moutons - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Bergère et Moutons
18 3/8 x 21 3/4 inches
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Une Prairie - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Une Prairie
18 1/4 x 21 3/4 inches
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Faneuse - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Faneuse
12 3/4 x 9 3/4 inches
Signed and dated 1881

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Milkmaid in Normandy - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Milkmaid in Normandy
18 x 15 inches
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The Shepherdess - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
The Shepherdess
18 1/4 x 15 inches
Signed

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Une gardeuse d\'oie - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Une gardeuse d'oie
25 3/4 x 21 1/4 inches
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Tending the Herd - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Tending the Herd
25 1/2 x 31 3/4 inches
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Milking Time - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Milking Time
18 x 24 inches
Signed

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Harvesters - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Harvesters
19 1/2 x 25 1/2 inches
Signed

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Peasant Woman with Cows - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Peasant Woman with Cows
15 1/4 x 22 inches
Signed

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La Prairie - Dupré Julien
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Prairie
37 1/2 x 59 3/8 inches
Signed and dated 1889

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