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BIOGRAPHY - Julien Dupré (1851 - 1910)

julien_dupre_photo_in_studio_from_catalogue_web.jpg

Working during the last half of the 19th century, Julien Dupré was an artist, considered by most, to be one of the leading exponents of the second genera­tion of Realist painters; a group that also includes Leon Lhermitte, Jules Bastien-Lepage and Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret.  Like J.F. Millet and J. Breton, before them, these artists devoted their artistic careers to the depiction of the toils of the French peasant - often seen hard at work in the fields.  As Hollister Sturges states in Jules Breton and the French Rural Tradition (1982, Joslyn Art Museum):

Salon critics rightly perceived Julien Dupré as Breton's closest follower.  Through idealization of form, he invested his peasant  women with  a heroic aura, though unlike his predecessor, his figures are usually engaged in vigorous action.  His landscapes, with their cloudy skies and varied motifs, are also much more active.  Their high key color and spontaneous brushwork have a vivacity and freshness that distinguishes them from the somber calm of Breton's scenes. 

Dupré's most enduring and powerful image is that of a single, Herculean, female, positioned dramatical­ly and elegantly in the foreground of the paint­ing, pitching hay.  His finely modeled figures pay tribute to his academic training, as well as his study of the works of Breton and Bouguereau; while his freer handling of the back­ground areas, at times done with a palette knife, shows the influence of the Impressionists.

Dupré received his artistic training in the academic studios of Isidore Pils, Desire-Francois Laugée and Henri Lehmann.  He exhibited his first painting at the Paris Salon in 1876 and thereafter, became a regular exhibitor until his death in 1910.  In 1880 he was awarded a third-class medal for Faucheurs de Luzerne and in 1881 he received a second-class medal for his La Recolte des Foins.  He was honored with a gold medal at the Paris Fair of 1889 and in 1892 was awarded the Legion of Honor.  His work was sought after internationa­lly and he found a good market in the United States.  In 1891 Marion H. Speilman, in his article entitled "The White Cow" (The Magazine of Art, 1891, Vol. 14, p. 415), describes Dupré as:


...one of the most rising artists of the French School.  H e is individual in his work, accurate as an observer, earnest as a painter, healthy in his instincts and intensely artistic in his impressions and translations of them... he is always one of the attractions at the Salon.

Acknowledging his mastery at portraying both animals and humans powerful­ly, yet gracefully, one cannot help but pay tribute to his immense talent in being able to re-create nature's light on canvas - a feat that many have attempted but few have succeeded in accompl­ish­ing.  Whether it is the light filtering through a group of trees onto the figures and animals below or the warm effulgent sun bathing the lush French countrys­i­de, Dupré is always true to nature.

Speilman goes on to remark that: In The White Cow which was amongst the finest works in last year's Salon, several of M. Dupré's merits as a painter are exemplified. The cow - taking a patient and intelligent interest in the operation of milking - is superbly drawn, and her expression admirably rendered.  The light and shade, the balance of composition, and the rendering and disposition of the figures combine in this picture to produce a canvas which pleases the spectator the more he examines it.



Works in public collections (partial listing)

Haying Scene (1884) - St. Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO.
The Haymakers (1886) - Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA.
Return From the Fields (n.d.) - Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, NE.
In Pasture (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.
Haying Scene (1882) - Washington University Art Gallery, St. Louis, MO.
Young Woman Watering Cattle - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Haymaking (1892) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Children Feeding Geese (1881) - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
Peasant Girl with Sheep - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.
Milking Time - The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.
Women in the Fields - Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, ME.
The Young Shepherdess - San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA.
In the Pasture (1883) - University of Kentucky Art Museum, Lexington, KY.
Le Ballon (1886) - Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery, Reading, PA.
Harvesting (n.d.) - Syracuse University Art Gallery, Syracuse, New York

Sold Works
julien_dupre_b1336_glaneuse_au_soleil_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Glaneuse au Soleil
Oil on canvas
17 1/2 x 14 1/8 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_e1244_la_fenaison_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Fenaison
Oil on canvas
18 x 24 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_e1134_returning_from_the_pasture_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Returning from the Pasture
Oil on canvas
23 3/4 x 32 1/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_e1128_le_repos_dans_les_champs_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Le Repos dans les Champs
Oil on panel
25 1/4 x 32 inches
Signed and dated 1887
julien_dupre_e1100_un_coin_de_ferme_avec_poules_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Un coin de ferme avec poules
Oil on canvas
32 x 25 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_e1075_repas_des_moissonneus_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Repas des Moissonneus
Oil on canvas
21 1/2 x 25 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_e1047_au_bord_de_la_mare_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
A Bord de la Mare
Oil on canvas
25 3/4 x 32 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b2042_femme_a_la_brouette_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Femme a la Brouette
Oil on panel
15 x 17 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b2049_haying_time_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Haying Time
Oil on canvas
13 1/4 x 16 1/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b2045_la_jeune_laitiere_avec_son_troupeau_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La jeune laitiere avec son troupeau
Oil on canvas
14 3/4 x 21 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1956_faneuse_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Faneuse
Oil on panel
13 3/4 x 9 1/2 inches
Signed and dated 1886
julien_dupre_b1895_femme_et_la_vache_de_leau_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Femme et la vache de l'eau
Oil on canvas
32 1/4 x 25 3/4 inches
Signed and dated 1884
julien_dupre_b1874_deux_amoureux_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Deux amoureux
Oil on canvas
18 1/4 x 15 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1741_harvesters_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Harvesters
Oil on canvas
19 1/2 x 25 1/2 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1664_la_prairie_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Prairie
Oil on canvas
37 1/2 x 59 3/8 inches
Signed and dated 1889
julien_dupre_b1674_milking_time_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Milking Time
Oil on canvas
18 x 24 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1636_une_gardeuse_doie_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Une gardeuse d'oie
Oil on canvas
25 3/4 x 21 1/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1597_peasant_woman_with_cows_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Peasant Woman with Cows
Oil on canvas
15 1/4 x 22 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1628_the_harvest_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
The Harvest
Oil on canvas
25 1/2 x 32 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1558_milkmaid_with_cows_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Milkmaid with Cows
Oil on canvas
36 3/4 x 43 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1580_faneuse_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Faneuse
Oil on canvas
12 3/4 x 9 3/4 inches
Signed and dated 1881
julien_dupre_b1582_tending_the_herd_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Tending the Herd
Oil on canvas
25 1/2 x 31 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1575_gardeuse_de_vache_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Gardeuse de vaches
Oil on canvas
18 5/8 x 28 1/2 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1526_the_shepherdess_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
The Shepherdess
Oil on canvas
18 1/4 x 15 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1517_milkmaid_in_normandy_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Milkmaid in Normandy
Oil on canvas
18 x 15 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1492_la_faneuse_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La faneuse
Oil on canvas on board
15 x 18 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1430_le_repas_des_moissonneurs_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Le repas des moissonneurs
Oil on canvas
25 5/8 x 31 7/8 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1437_bergere_et_moutons_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Bergère et Moutons
Oil on canvas
18 3/8 x 21 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1367_la_bergere_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Bergere
Oil on canvas
21 3/4 x 18 3/8 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1340_une_prairie_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Une Prairie
Oil on canvas
18 1/4 x 21 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1335_milking_time_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Milking Time
Oil on canvas
25 3/4 x 32 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1326_femme_au_soleil_faneuse_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Femme au soleil - faneuse
Oil on board
20 x 16 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1238_une_faneuse_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Une Faneuse
Oil on canvas
18 1/4 x 15 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3684_study_for_returning_from_the_fields_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Study for Returning from the Fields
Graphite on paper
12 1/2 x 9 1/2 inches
Stamped
julien_dupre_a2844_harvest_time_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Harvest Time
Oil on canvas
26 x 32 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1002_la_rentree_au_village_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La rentree au village
Oil on canvas
48 1/2 x 59 1/2 inches
Signed and dated 1895
julien_dupre_a3352_end_of_the_day_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
End of the Day
Oil on canvas
15 x 21 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3353_milkmaid_with_cows_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Milkmaid with Cows
Oil on canvas
18 x 22 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3307_retour_a_la_ferme_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Retour a la Ferme
Oil on canvas
18 x 24 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1184_la_bergere_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La bergere
Oil on canvas
21 5/8 x 18 1/8 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1146_femme_portant_a_manger_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Femme Portant à Manger
Oil on canvas
18 x 14 1/2 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1148_un_berger_et_son_troupeau_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Un Berger et son Troupeau
Oil on canvas
25 3/4 x 32 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3695_fermiere_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Fermiere
Charcoal on paper
18 x 11 inches
Studio stamp
julien_dupre_a3776_peasants_in_the_field_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Peasants in the Field
Graphite on paper
12 x 16 inches
Signed and dated 1895
julien_dupre_b1030_glaneuses_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Glaneuses
Oil on canvas
36 1/2 x 51 inches
Signed and dated 1880
julien_dupre_a3750_paysage_avec_animaux_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Paysage avec Animaux
Oil on canvas
15 x 21 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3716_milkmaid_with_cows_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Milkmaid with Cows
Oil on canvas
15 x 21 3/4 inches
Signed
thm_julien_dupre_a3653_les_foins.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Les Foins
Oil on canvas
15 x 21 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_m201_la_fermiere_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Fermiere
Oil on canvas
24 x 29 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3059_le_temps_de_moisson_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Le Temps de Moisson
Oil on panel
15 1/4 x 18 1/4 inches
Signed and dated 1889
julien_dupre_b1440_les_vaches_a_labreuvoir_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Les Vaches a l'Abreuvoir
Oil on canvas
21 1/2 x 28 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3308_haying_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Haying
Oil on panel
14 3/4 x 18 1/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a2902_milkmaids_in_the_field_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Milkmaids in the Field
Oil on canvas
26 x 32 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3347_the_young_milkmaid_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
The Young Milkmaid
Oil on canvas
15 x 21 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a2997_a_moments_rest_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
A Moments Rest
Oil on canvas
15 x 22 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_c3183_la_faneuse_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Faneuse
Oil on canvas
26 x 32 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3058_le_dejeuner_des_faneuses_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Le Dejeuner de Faneuses
Oil on canvas
22 x 26 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3015_la_moisson_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Moisson
Oil on canvas
25 ½ x 32 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_b1278_femme_et_vaches_par_leau_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Femme et vaches par l'eau
Oil on canvas
18 x 24 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_c3269_returning_from_the_fields_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Returning from the Fields
Oil on canvas
18 x 13 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_e1061_femme_versant_a_boire_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Femme Versant à Boire
Oil on canvas
25 ½ x 32 inches
Signed and dated 1882
julien_dupre_b1767_laitiere_gardant_ses_vaches_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Laitiere Gardant ses Vaches
Oil on canvas
17 1/2 x 23 3/4 inches
Signed
thm_julien_dupre_a3605_lait.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Laitiere
Oil on canvas
15 1/4 x 21 3/4 inches
Signed
thm_julien_dupre_a3515_at_the_well.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
At the Well
Oil on canvas
15 x 22 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3638_paturage_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Pâturage
Oil on panel
18 x 21 ¾ inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3275_tending_the_herd_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Tending the Herd
Oil on canvas
15 x 18 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_d1000_the_wheatfield_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
The Wheatfield
Oil on canvas
20 x 29 inches
Signed and dated 1893
julien_dupre_nr1000_la_fenaison_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
La Fenaison
Oil on canvas
23 1/2 x 28 1/2 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a2795_harvesters_loading_the_cart_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Harvesters Loading the Cart
Oil on canvas
18 x 24 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3346_le_repos_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Le Repos
Oil on canvas
28 x 18 1/2 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_a3531_peasant_woman_with_cows_and_wm_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
Peasant Woman with Cows and Sheep
Oil on canvas
15 x 21 3/4 inches
Signed
julien_dupre_c3186_the_reapers_small.jpg
Julien Dupré
(1851 - 1910)
The Reapers
Oil on canvas
15 x 18 inches
Signed and dated 1886